Non-aqueous electrolyte batteries using Lithium as the negative electrode are known as Lithium batteries or Lithium-ion Polymer (LiPo) batteries. Improved lithium-ion Polymer batteries have emerged as the go-to power source for a wide range of uses and industries.

Solar power packages typically include lithium-ion batteries, sometimes known as Li-ion batteries. These batteries work great in solar panels, portable solar generators, and electric vehicles. They can also be used to keep your tools running when the sun isn’t shining. 

Lithium-ion batteries have a long lifespan, are very efficient, and require little maintenance.

Numerous heavy industrial setups, such as those producing plastic injection moulding products on a large-scale, are compatible with lithium-ion batteries. It is possible to increase the output of a grid-connected setup by installing battery storage.

The Science Behind the LIB Working

There are four main parts of a cell: the cathode, the anode, the separator, and the electrolyte.

Lithium ions move about the battery during discharge and charge; during discharge, electrons from the anode move toward those from the cathode, and vice versa. The movement of electrons generates a current of electricity.

For lithium cations to function, they must go from a negative to a positive state. The electrolyte flows between the separator and the electrodes, allowing the reactions to occur.

How to Guarantee the Long-Term Functionality of Lithium-Ion Battery?

Battery life is how long a device can run before needing a recharge. However, the term “battery lifespan” is used to describe how long a battery can function before it needs to be replaced. 

One factor determining battery life and lifespan is the sequence in which you use your device. You can use it any way you like, and there will still be ways to assist.

Here’s what you can do to increase the lifespan of your battery:

Avoid Extremely Deep Discharges

A Li-ion battery can be permanently damaged by extremely deep discharges. Internal shorting caused by metal plating can render a lithium battery unusable and potentially dangerous.

Keep the currents you charge and discharge at a safe level. High charge and discharge currents place a lot of stress on your battery, reducing its cycle life.

Control the Heat in the Battery

A quality battery life by an expert lithium battery manufacturer is prolonged when charging temperatures are kept above freezing. Metal plating is stimulated during sub-zero charging, which could cause an internal short circuit and release heat, making the battery unstable and potentially dangerous. 

Many chargers include a temperature sensor to prevent charging when the battery is exposed to dangerously high temperatures.

Reduce Float Voltage

Reduce the float voltage to do this. Battery cycle and longevity are enhanced by reducing the float voltage. However, this comes at the expense of capacity. If you reduce your float voltage by 100 to 300 mV, you can double, triple, or even double your cycle life.

Do Not Overcharge

Overcharging occurs when a battery is charged to a higher voltage than is necessary. Continuously applying a voltage to a battery after it has been charged to capacity is not a good idea since it has the potential to hasten the battery’s irreversible capacity loss and cause the internal metal plating to plate out. 

As a result, the battery may overheat and become unstable due to an internal short circuit.

Keep It Dry

When possible, avoid using or storing lithium-ion batteries in damp areas. Wet conditions are detrimental to the health and performance of your battery. 

Always install your battery away from wastewater valves or septic tanks. It should be away from any plumbing equipment or outdoor pools. 

Lithium Battery Advantages and Disadvantages

In comparison to other types of batteries, lithium-ion ones pack a lot more power. When compared to nickel-metal hydride batteries (60-70WH/kg) and lead acid batteries (25WH/kg), they can have up to 150WH/kg of energy.

Additionally, their discharge rate is lower than that of nickel-cadmium (NiMH) batteries by about 20% per month or 5% per week.

However, the flammable electrolyte used in lithium batteries can lead to localized fires. This led to the tragic Samsung Note 7 smartphone fires, resulting in Samsung stopping production and a $26 billion loss in market value. For the record, this has never occurred with commercially produced lithium batteries.

Compared to nickel-cadmium batteries, the cost of manufacturing lithium-ion batteries can be as much as 40% higher.

Conclusion

When compared to their predecessors, lithium-ion batteries represent a major technological leap forward. When compared to standard batteries, lithium-ion batteries can provide more runtime in a smaller form factor since they charge faster, last longer, and have a better power density. 

While not all Lithium batteries are created equal, maintaining them consistently is essential for getting the most out of them. This calls for an understanding of their specific maintenance requirements.

If you store batteries at the right temperature, protect them from moisture, and give them regular charges, you’ll never be without a battery that works.